Philips TL5 HO and TL5 HO 90 De Luxe
Best retro purpose
Flourescent lamps are the most popular and widely used lighting source. Still widely used in most indoor environments due to their high efficiency and very good colour reproduction, flourescent lamp stocks and availability is still high. Millions of these lamps have been produced worldwide for decades. They are clearly suited for indoor lighting especially when paired with an electronic ballast that eliminates flicker and also increases system efficiency. Due to the great variety of lamps, there are some suggestions for use. Most flourescent lamps operate well at 25 degrees Celsius ambient temperature and have very low light output in freezing or below freezing environments but hot environments also reduce efficiency.
TL5 lamps are a mixed back. On the one side, they were the most efficient fluorescent lamps but fixtures are quite rare, as the lamp was not popular or cheap. There is nothing special or nostalgic in the lamp itself and the slender lamp tube is better suited for accent or directional lights. Due to the fact that there were two separate very different lamp classes, there is even more confusion about estimating the light level and desired effect. HE stands for "high efficiency", which means slightly higher light output per meter than typical Super 80 class fluorescent lamps and a moderate increase in energy efficiency as well.
Understanding manufacturer data
Lamp light output is always measured in lumens. This is a way of measuring by averaging light output at a distance of 1 meter in an integrating sphere. This was carried out in lab environments and this information was mentioned in lamp datasheets and catalogues. While this information is accurate it should be considered only across similar lamp types.
Lamp life is presented in thousands of hours. It does not point at a specific moment when an installed lamp will not operate anymore but a statistical point at which some of the lamps may not operate, giving a rough estimate of useful life.
Ra8 colour rendering index, or simply colour rendering index is a way of expressing the typical colour rendering capability of a lamp. While it may be non-intuitive this is a computed average of brightness of certain coloured samples that are light by the lamp. The brighter they are, the more efficient is the lamp in this task. Most lamps do not have a continuous colour spectra so only some specific colours might look very bright and others look very dull. Colour samples are not intense reds, greens and blues but intermediately vivid colours that are focused on human skin colours and some fabrics or surfaces, meaning that a only very high colour rendering indexes are desirable for indoor home lighting. Sun light renders colours almost perfectly, having a value of 100 while typical lamps have a rendering index between 50 and 80, a good value being above 80 and a poor one below 50.
Colour temperature is another important detail. The value is presented in Kelvins and follows a theory that boils down to the fact that light can be produced by heating a metal up to a specific temperature. A camp fire releases light as the flame reaches around 1500-2000 degrees Celsius and a slightly higher value expressed in Kelvin. The designation is warm white for a value of around 2700 Kelvin, natural white with a value of around 3200-3500 Kelvin, cool white for a value of around 4000-4500 Kelvin, daylight for a value between 5000 and 5500 Kelvin, and cool daylight for a value above 6000-6500 Kelvin. There are cultural preferences that make some warm colour temperatures preferred in colder climates and cool colour temperatures in warmer climates. The most popular home lighting worldwide is mostly warm white, due to a comfortable, pleasant atmosphere that is close to the old incandescent lamp.
|Designation||Base||Lamp wattage||Luminous flux||Colour appearance||Colour Temperature||Colour Rendering Index (Ra8)||Life (to 50% failures)|
|MASTER TL5 HO 24W/827||G5||24 W||1750 lm||Incandescent White||2700 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 24W/830||G5||24 W||1750 lm||Warm White||3000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 24W/840||G5||24 W||1750 lm||Cool White||4000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 24W/850||G5||24 W||1650 lm||Daylight||5000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 24W/865||G5||24 W||1650 lm||Cool Daylight||6500 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 39W/827||G5||39 W||3100 lm||Incandescent White||2700 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 39W/830||G5||39 W||3100 lm||Warm White||3000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 39W/835||G5||39 W||3100 lm||(Neutral) White||3500 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 39W/840||G5||39 W||3100 lm||Cool White||4000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 39W/865||G5||39 W||2900 lm||Cool Daylight||6500 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 49W/827||G5||49 W||4300 lm||Incandescent White||2700 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 49W/830||G5||49 W||4300 lm||Warm White||3000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 49W/835||G5||49 W||4300 lm||(Neutral) White||3500 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 49W/840||G5||49 W||4300 lm||Cool White||4000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 49W/865||G5||49 W||4100 lm||Cool Daylight||6500 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 54W/827||G5||54 W||4450 lm||Incandescent White||2700 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 54W/830||G5||54 W||4450 lm||Warm White||3000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 54W/840||G5||54 W||4450 lm||Cool White||4000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 54W/850||G5||54 W||4250 lm||Daylight||5000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 54W/865||G5||54 W||4250 lm||Cool Daylight||6500 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 80W/827||G5||80 W||6150 lm||Incandescent White||2700 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 80W/830||G5||80 W||6150 lm||Warm White||3000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 80W/835||G5||80 W||6150 lm||(Neutral) White||3500 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 80W/840||G5||80 W||6150 lm||Cool White||4000 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 80W/865||G5||80 W||5850 lm||Cool Daylight||6500 K||85||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 24W/840||G5||24 W||1400 lm||Cool White||4000 K||91||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 24W/850||G5||24 W||1400 lm||Daylight||5200 K||93||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 24W/865||G5||24 W||1400 lm||Cool Daylight||6800 K||93||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 49W/840||G5||49 W||3700 lm||Cool White||4000 K||91||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 49W/850||G5||49 W||3700 lm||Daylight||5200 K||93||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 49W/865||G5||49 W||3700 lm||Cool Daylight||6800 K||93||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 54W/840||G5||54 W||3800 lm||Cool White||4000 K||91||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 54W/850||G5||54 W||3800 lm||Daylight||5200 K||93||24000 hours|
|MASTER TL5 HO 90 De Luxe 54W/865||G5||54 W||3800 lm||Cool Daylight||6800 K||93||24000 hours|
- Neutral white colour appearance lamps were seldomly used as the 3000, 4000, 6500 K lamps offered satisfactory variety; the 3500 K lamps or neutral white were traditionally popular in the United Kingdom;
Durability and Repair-ability
Greatest features & flaws
|Low glare risk, uniform lighting||Quite large lamps and fixtures|
|High efficiency, long life, very good colour rendering||Fragile construction|
|Mostly suited for directional light||Sensitive to operating temperature|
|Quick lamp start and restart, inexpensive||Requires lamp gear|
Until the advent of advanced LED lamps, flourescent lamps were unsurpassed in terms of efficiency and lighting comfort. The lamp's quick restart, good light stability even on conventional, magnetic gear, and reasonably simple wiring made them easy to service although the lamp bi-pin connection was prone to failure due to lamp's handling as well as normal wear, the system was reasonably easy to repair and failures were quite obvious. Ultimately, TL5 HO lamps were useful were the highest possible light output on a flourescent lamp was required while TL5 HO 90 Deluxe were useful were colour rendering was also important and a modest reduction in efficiency was less important than the higher light output.
TL5 lamps are more of a specialty product as they were not highly popular. Some large retailers and office building administrator used them in most installations, however, typical office, residential, commercial and especially industrial premises remained on standard TL-D or T8 lamps fixtures even as late as 2008. This was especially due to cost but also due to the the inconvenience of retraining employees to install and maintain efficiently a different lamp technology. There was also the issue of maintaining incompatible inventory for another separate installation that was not a very major improvement compared with the switch from TL to TL-D lamps or from standard TL-D lamps to TL-D Super 80. All these were major reasons for avoiding newer TL5 installations unless ultimate efficiency and no cost concern were goals at that specific time.
TL5 Super 80 lamps, even if they were not called that way, were still comparable to TL-D Super 80 lamps, were advantageous due to high luminous output and low price. The wide array of colour temperatures caters to any application. Warm colours or more active daylight ambiances can be created easily. The lamps' very good stability and output ensures a long service life with minimal degradation. This was especially important compared with TL-D Standard lamps, as the older lamp type aged much quicker and had lower light output along with colour reproduction. Requirements for higher than 80 Ra colour rendering index in Europe made the lamps extremely popular and even made them as cheap or even cheaper than TL-D standard lamps due to volumes, marketing and economies of scale. On the other side, if TL-D Super 80 lamps were already retrofit or retrofitable on an existing installation, there was little justification for new TL5 lamps. Even presently, prospects for retrofits are still good, with LED tubes being able to replace older flourescent lamps on TL-D or T8 installations. Cost-wise, TL5 lamps were most advantageous when compared with the prospect of replacing magnetic or inductive ballast TL-D or T8 lamps, as TL5 lamp type already mandated high frequency electronic lamp gears which bring much increased energy efficiency and comfort.
All lamps require the same lamp gear type as there are no magnetic ballasts released as on older flourescent lamp technology. An electronic lamp gear eliminates flicker and increase the lamp's service life. Note that some cheap electronic ballasts do not actually offer preheating and start instantly the lamp, reducing the lamp's useful life. Preheating of lamps is assumed if there is any mention of a 0.5second duration on the electronic ballast label or the word preheating. Most world manufacturers released electronic control gear and some products even allowed variable dimming using special protocols.
While a dimmed flourescent lamp is not as efficient as full power operation, there were and are some environments were such flexibility is appreciated. Note that starting and operating dimmed lamps is less reliable and the temperature balance and optimum operation conditions slightly deviate in these circumstances. Overpowering a lamp is possible but it is not advised. While Super 80 lamps are best suited for these circumstance that increase light output with some reduction in efficiency and service lamps, operation in such conditions stresses the lamp. Note that operating in cold environments, as a deviation from ideal conditions, reduces lamp current and power, making the lamp slightly unstable and dim.
TL5 lamps were mostly advantageous in recessed or fully enclosed lamp fixtures as the lamp dimension meant that optimal operating temperatures were slightly higher than on typical fluorescent lamps. Just as well, small luminaires could more easily have better optical control, meaning that the light output could be more efficiently directed were matters, increasing overall system efficiency. This meant that indoor retail or office lighting fixtures were probably the most successful application as residential spaces were appreciated higher if a slightly harsher and a more alluring, diffuse, light was cast on the area. Due to different lamp lengths and light outputs, replacing T8 or TL-D standard fixtures was quite difficult and rarely carried out.
Flourescent lamps were an evolution of clear mercury vapour lamps. Development followed two avenues to increase efficiency, low pressure mercury vapour discharge and high pressure mercury discharge. High pressure mercury discharge created more useful light but the same deficit of no red and orange light was present so the light was still unsatisfactory. Low pressure mercury discharge is very efficient but not in outputting visible light, it is on UV-light emission. This UV-light is useless if it cannot be converted to visible light.
Flourescent powders were developed to convert UV-light into visible light. Some of these powders were capable of emitting light at some wavelengths, making specific colours to be cast around but they had to be quite resistant to UV-light and efficient. This meant that some time passed until the advent of halophosphate based colours that made possible the first daylight T12 flourescent lamps, around late 1930s. This was a major achievement as such lamps had the capability of directly competing with incandescent lamps and offer better efficiency and longer life.
Subsequent developments improved lamp life and created a wide variety of flourescent powders that cast white light with different colour appearances from warm and neutral to cold and daylight. Higher and lower power lamps were created and standardization established. The preferred lamp gear turned from incandescent ballasting or mixed light to magnetic or reactive ballasts, which improved system efficiency. In the late 1970s, following requirements for higher energy efficiency due to the world oil crisis of 1973, there were major advances in technology.
The advent of high efficiency tri-band or tri-phosphorous lamps was the most important landmark. Successful development of flourescent powders that had peak UV to visible light conversion at blue, red, and green colours with peaks near the ideal wavelengths made it possible to release lamps with specific colour appearances. This high energy in light conversion was complemented by changes in the lamps gas's fill from argon to Krypton, reducing thermal losses with a slight increase in operating voltage and starting voltage. The TL5 lamp technology was an improvement on TL-D types based on the existing TL Mini lamp range. Of course, major gas fill, mercury vapor operating pressures had to determined.
Due to the lamp's requirement of a different gas fill and diameter to length ratio meant that conventional, inductive, lamp gears were not optimal and newer, electronic lamp gears, had to be specified and used. This is the secret that allowed tremendous lamp performance improvements compared with similar TL-D lamps on standard gears. It should be noted, however, that retrofiting electronic lamp gears on any standard TL-D flourescent lamp automatically improves efficiency and reduces lamp power by around 15%, and this is not specified in any chart or comparison pertaining on TL-D vs. TL5 lamps. All this meant that benefits of TL5 technology was around less than 10% when comparing the best lamp gear and technology on the TL5 and TL-D or T8 format. This meant that only around mid 2000s TL5 lamps were reasonably competitive when taking into account also improved luminaires that could not be specified on the TL-D format or when size, weight or warehousing space were important.
Philips flourescent lamps had very good manufacturing tolerances and the lamp's construction along with flourescent powder quality made reliable, predictable operation entirely ensured. Other world manufacturers were capable of similar performance. However, some slight differences were noticeable. For instance, Philips had slightly less powerful red phosphorus than Osram, which means that entirely equivalent lamps from both manufacturers had slightly different colour appearance. On the other side, Chinese branded lamps were much inferior in terms of flourescent powder quality and colour reproduction as well as efficiency and service life.